There are many structural forms in steel structure building, such as steel frame, rigid metal frame, grid frame, and other…
The raw material of the steel structure warehouse building is steel. If we pay attention to the optimization plan in the steel structure warehouse design, it can reduce the amount of steel used and then effectively reduce the cost.
There are currently more and more steel structure buildings, whether high-rise buildings, aircraft hangar, railway stations, exhibition centers or activity centers, museums, shopping malls, factories, scenic spots, bridges, and steel structure projects, that can be seen everywhere. Modern warehouses are almost always steel structures. The steel structure warehouse building has less column area, can reduce indoor area, increase usable space, good seismic performance, short construction period, and save money. The advantages are undeniable.
Features of the steel structure warehouse
- Wall and Roof panel: The steel structure warehouse mostly adopts a light-weight enclosure structure, such as a sandwich panel or corrugated metal sheet. The material is lighter in weight and has fire prevention functions, heat insulation, and heat preservation, But it can also bear heavier loads. Moreover, it is easy to install and can effectively replace the previous wall and roof panel and many consumables.
- Large internal space: Unlike traditional buildings, the steel structure warehouse has a large internal activity space. Therefore, the eave height and column spacing of the steel structure warehouse will be much larger than that of ordinary buildings, making steel structure warehouse buildings have more space.
- The construction period is short, and it is easy to dismantle and reuse:
The former factory structure mostly adopts the form of reinforced concrete. This form is not only complicated in technology but also very difficult to construct. Because the existing steel structure warehouse buildings are integrated with design, fabrication, and construction. The construction period can be effectively shortened, and it is easy to dismantle and reuse and reduce construction costs.
Steel Structure Warehouse Design:
Building length and width
When process the steel structure warehouse design, if the size of the building is 60×50m, 60m should be taken as the length direction and 50m as the wide direction, namely: 60(L)×50(W) instead of 50(L)×60(W).
Column distance of Steel Warehouse
The most economical column distance under the standard load is 7-9m. When it exceeds 9m, the steel consumption of the roof purlin and wall girt will increase too much, and the comprehensive cost will increase. The standard load refers to the roof live load of 0.3KN/m2 and the basic wind pressure of 0.5KN/m2. When the load is greater, the economic column spacing should be reduced accordingly. For a workshop with cranes of more than 10 tons, the economic column distance should be 6~7m.
The Span of Warehouse Building
Through a large number of calculations, it is found that when the eaves height is 6m, the column distance is 7.5m, and the load conditions are the same, the unit steel consumption (Q355B) of the steel frame with a span between 18-30m is 10-15kg/m2. The amount of steel used for the rigid frame unit between 21-48m is 12-24kg/m2. When the eaves height is 12m, and the span exceeds 48m, a multi-span steel frame can save more than 40%, so steel structure warehouse design should choose a more economical span according to the specific requirements. It is not advisable to blindly pursue a large span.
Roof slope in Steel Structure Warehouse Design
The slope of the roof needs to be determined according to the structure of the roof panel, and the length of the roof drainage slope and the height of the column structure, etc. It is generally 1/10~1/30. Different roof slopes have a greater impact on the amount of steel used in the steel structure warehouse design. For a single-span steel frame, increasing the roof slope can reduce the weight of the rigid frame, so the greater the slope, the more saving the amount of steel used. For a multi-span frame, a large slope will increase the length of the inner column, but a large slope will increase the amount of steel used in the frame.
These factors determine the height of the eave:
1)The clear height requirement at the cornice; 2)When there is a mezzanine, the clear height requirement of the mezzanine and the height of the floor beam; 3)When there is a crane, the height of the crane beam and the crane hook.
The height of the cornice has a great influence on the cost. The increase in the height of the eave will increase the area of the wall panel, the wall purlin will increase, and the steel consumption of the column will also increase.
The layout of the bracing System
The column bracing should be located on the same span as the roof bracing. When the wall bracing cannot be installed due to the door on the wall, the column bracing can be set on the adjacent span. Generally speaking, bracing spacing should generally not exceed 5 spans; when there is no crane, it should be 30~45m, and when there is a crane, the spacing should generally not be greater than 60m.